Barium carbonate, which is manufactured by using barite as a raw material, is a chemical compound that is white in color. Barium carbonate is generally available in powder form. Barium carbonate is insoluble in water and soluble in a majority of acids with the exception of sulfuric acid. Barium carbonate is thermally very stable in nature. Barium carbonate increases the refractive index and luster of glass, which makes it suitable for use in the glass industry. The commercial production of barium carbonate involves synthetic methods that yield high-purity barium carbonate in granular or powder form.
It is primarily used in the manufacture of other barium compounds; removal of efflorescence in bricks and tiles; and production of specialty glass. Demand for bricks and tiles has been increasing over the last few years. The construction industry in Asia Pacific is witnessing significant growth, owing to presence of countries with large population such as China and India. Rising demand for highly finished surfaces among consumers is likely to drive the barium carbonate market during the forecast period. Barium carbonate is used as an ingredient in glazes, frits, and enamels. It acts as a flux, matting agent, and crystallizing agent. It is employed in the production of specialty glass, as it gives a bright final finish.
Based on form, the barium carbonate market has been classified into granular, powder, and ultra-fine. Granular form of barium carbonate is primarily used in the production of display glass, crystal glass, and other specialty glasses. Powder form of barium carbonate is used in the ceramic industry as a fluxing material to produce matt glazes, specialty glass, clay bricks, and tiles. Powder form is also employed in the manufacture of barium peroxide, barium hydroxide, and barium chloride. Ultra-fine form of barium carbonate is applied in brine purification.
In terms of application, the barium carbonate market has been segmented into specialty glass, bricks & tiles, chemical compounds, glazes, frits, and enamels, electro-ceramic materials, and others. The bricks & tiles segment holds a significant share of the barium carbonate market. Replacement of marble floors, metal slabs, and other home decorative products with ceramic tiles is expected to fuel the market in the next few years.